What is stuttering?
Stuttering sometimes referred to as stammering or disfluent speech, is a speech
disorder. As a person who stutters tries to speak, he
or she may exhibit these characteristics.
• Frequent repetitions, prolongations, pauses,
or hesitations of speech sounds,
syllables, words or phrases.
• Secondary behaviors such as eye blinking, squinting, muscle tension around
lips or jaw.
• Other stuttering behaviors
two stutterers stutter alike. Disfluent speech patterns
are as unique as our fingerprints. Each stutterer should
be treated according to his/her individual needs.
Stuttering affects more
than 3 million people in the United States.
Although it most frequently occurs in children between
the ages of two and six, it can affect
all age groups. It occurs three times more
often in males than females.
What causes stuttering?
The exact mechanical causes of stuttering are not completely
understood. Though there is a well-accepted physical
cause known as a, “laryngospasm”
or “locking of the vocal cords”.
There is also an hereditary factor.
are the different types of stuttering?
There are several types of stuttering, including:
This is the most common type of stuttering, which occurs in children.
As their speech and language processes are developing, they may not
be able to meet verbal demands.
Neurogenic stuttering is also a common disorder that occurs from signal
problems between the brain and nerves and muscles.
Psychogenic stuttering is believed to originate in the
mind in the area of the brain that directs thought and
reasoning. This type of stuttering may occur in people
with mental illness or who have experienced mental stress
or anguish. However, although stuttering may cause emotional
problems, it is not believed to be
the result of emotional problems.